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SOURCE Janssen Research & Development, LLC
RARITAN, N.J., March 4, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Janssen Research & Development, LLC (Janssen) announced today the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a second complete response letter regarding a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) for the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Janssen is evaluating the letter and will respond to the agency's questions.
"We remain confident in the robustness and results of the ATLAS ACS 2 TIMI 51 trial, evidenced by a significant reduction in cardiovascular events, including a clinically important decrease in cardiovascular death, as published in the New England Journal of Medicine. While we saw an increase in major bleeding, there was no increase in fatal bleeding," said Dr. Christopher Nessel, Vice President at Janssen. "We will continue to work with the FDA to address their questions."
On February 27, 2012, Janssen received a priority review designation from the FDA regarding the sNDA for XARELTO® for the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with ACS, and on June 21, 2012, Janssen received a complete response letter for this sNDA. On September 6, 2012, Janssen submitted to the FDA important data related to patients who had withdrawn from the ATLAS ACS 2 TIMI 51 trial (Anti-Xa Therapy to Lower cardiovascular events in Addition to aspirin with/without thienopyridine therapy in Subjects with Acute Coronary Syndrome) as part of its complete response.
To compile these data, the company undertook a global effort and was able to confirm the vital status information for 843, or 63%, of the 1,338 trial participants who previously had unknown vital status. The mortality benefit observed during the treatment phase of the study was maintained. These new events were distributed equally between the three treatment groups (2.5 mg, 5 mg and placebo) of patients who were alive (806) and those who had died (37). After these efforts, follow up data was not available on only 2.4% of patients.
The sNDA includes results from the 15,526-patient pivotal Phase 3 ATLAS ACS 2 TIMI 51 clinical trial of XARELTO® which were presented at the American Heart Association (AHA) annual Scientific Sessions in November 2011 and simultaneously published by New England Journal of Medicine. It also contains data from the 3,491-patient Phase 2 ATLAS ACS 2 TIMI 46 clinical trial, which were presented at the American Heart Association (AHA) annual Scientific Sessions in November 2008 and published in The Lancet.
ACS is a complication of coronary heart disease, which is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and one of the most prevalent non-communicable diseases in the world. ACS occurs when a blood clot blocks a coronary artery, reducing blood supply to the heart. This disruption of blood flow can cause a heart attack, or unstable angina, a condition signifying that a heart attack may soon occur. Each year, an estimated 1.2 million patients in the U.S. are discharged from the hospital with a diagnosis of ACS.
XARELTO® has the broadest indication profile of any of the newer oral anticoagulants in the U.S. market today and is approved for six clinical uses in the U.S.
About XARELTO® (rivaroxaban)
XARELTO® works by blocking the blood clotting Factor Xa. XARELTO® does not require routine blood monitoring. XARELTO® is the only Factor Xa inhibitor approved for six distinct uses:
The extensive program of clinical trials evaluating rivaroxaban makes the compound the most studied oral, Factor Xa inhibitor in the world today. By the time of its completion, more than 100,000 patients will have participated in the rivaroxaban clinical development program.
Janssen Research & Development, LLC, and Bayer HealthCare together are developing rivaroxaban.
For more information about XARELTO®, visit www.xarelto-us.com. The XARELTO® CarePath™ Support Program is a resource designed for health care providers, patients and caregivers. Visit www.xareltocarepath.com or call 1-888-XARELTO to learn more about the XARELTO® CarePath™ resources focused on access, education and adherence.
Important Safety Information
WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT INFORMATION I SHOULD KNOW ABOUT XARELTO®?
You may have a higher risk of bleeding if you take XARELTO® and take other medicines that increase your risk of bleeding, including:
Tell your doctor if you take any of these medicines. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure if your medicine is one listed above.
Call your doctor or get medical help right away if you develop any of these signs or symptoms of bleeding:
Spinal or epidural blood clots (hematoma): People who take a blood thinner medicine (anticoagulant) like XARELTO®, and have medicine injected into their spinal and epidural area, or have a spinal puncture have a risk of forming a blood clot than can cause long-term or permanent loss of the ability to move (paralysis). Your risk of developing a spinal or epidural blood clot is higher if:
If you take XARELTO® and receive spinal anesthesia or have a spinal puncture, your doctor should watch you closely for symptoms of spinal or epidural blood clots. Tell your doctor right away if you have tingling, numbness, or muscles weakness, especially in your legs and feet.
WHO SHOULD NOT TAKE XARELTO®?
Do not take XARELTO® if you:
WHAT SHOULD I TELL MY DOCTOR BEFORE OR WHILE TAKING XARELTO®?
Before taking XARELTO®, tell your doctor if you:
Tell all of your doctors and dentists that you are taking XARELTO®. They should talk to the doctor who prescribed XARELTO® for you before you have any surgery, medical or dental procedure.
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Some of your other medicines may affect the way XARELTO® works. Certain medicines may increase your risk of bleeding.
Especially tell your doctor if you take:
Ask your doctor if you are not sure if your medicine is one listed above. Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
HOW SHOULD I TAKE XARELTO®?
Take XARELTO® exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
Do not change your dose or stop taking XARELTO® unless your doctor tells you to.
If you take XARELTO for:
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF XARELTO®?
XARELTO® can cause bleeding, which can be serious, and rarely may lead to death. Please see "What is the most important information I should know about XARELTO®?"
Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You are also encouraged to report side effects to the FDA: visit http://www.fda.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects to Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., at 1-800-JANSSEN (1-800-526-7736).
Trademarks are those of their respective owners.
About Janssen Research & Development, LLC
At Janssen, we are dedicated to addressing and solving some of the most important unmet medical needs of our time in oncology, immunology, neuroscience, infectious diseases and vaccines, and cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Driven by our commitment to patients, we develop innovative products, services and healthcare solutions to help people throughout the world. Janssen Research & Development, LLC and Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., are part of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson. Please visit http://www.janssenrnd.com for more information.
This press release contains "forward-looking statements" as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The reader is cautioned not to rely on these forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current expectations of future events. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results could vary materially from the expectations and projections of Janssen Research & Development, any of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies and/or Johnson & Johnson. Risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, general industry conditions and competition; economic factors, such as interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations; technological advances, new products and patents attained by competitors; challenges inherent in new product development, including obtaining regulatory approvals; challenges to patents; changes in behavior and spending patterns or financial distress of purchasers of health care products and services; changes to governmental laws and regulations and domestic and foreign health care reforms; trends toward health care cost containment; and increased scrutiny of the health care industry by government agencies. A further list and description of these risks, uncertainties and other factors can be found in Exhibit 99 of Johnson & Johnson's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2012. Copies of this Form 10-K, as well as subsequent filings, are available online at www.sec.gov, www.jnj.com or on request from Johnson & Johnson. Neither Janssen Research & Development nor Johnson & Johnson undertake to update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information or future events or developments.
 Merck Manual. Acute coronary syndromes (ACS). http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/cardiovascular_disorders/coronary_artery_disease/acute_coronary_syndromes_acs.html. October 5, 2011.
 Roger VL, Go AS, Lloyd-Jones DM, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics – 2011 update. Circulation. 2011;123:e18-e209.
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